Bible Study -- "A Re-formation of Faith"

Summary of the Gospel:

1 John 1:5 This is the message we have heard from him and proclaim to you, that God is light and in him there is no darkness at all.
 

The word "wrath" in Romans

Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and wickedness of those who by their wickedness suppress the truth.

Romans 1:19-28 For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20 Ever since the creation of the world his eternal power and divine nature, invisible though they are, have been understood and seen through the things he has made. So they are without excuse; 21 for though they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their senseless minds were darkened. 22 Claiming to be wise, they became fools; 23 and they exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling a mortal human being or birds or four-footed animals or reptiles. 24 Therefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, to the degrading of their bodies among themselves, 25 because they exchanged the truth about God for a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever! Amen. 26 For this reason God gave them up to degrading passions. Their women exchanged natural intercourse for unnatural, 27 and in the same way also the men, giving up natural intercourse with women, were consumed with passion for one another. Men committed shameless acts with men and received in their own persons the due penalty for their error. 28 And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a debased mind and to things that should not be done.... Romans 2:1 Therefore you have no excuse, whoever you are, when you judge others; for in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, are doing the very same things. 2 You say, "We know that God's judgment on those who do such things is in accordance with truth."

Romans 2:5 But by your hard and impenitent heart you are storing up wrath for yourself on the day of wrath, when God's righteous judgment will be revealed.

Romans 2:8 while for those who are self-seeking and who obey not the truth but wickedness, there will be wrath and fury.

Romans 3:5 But if our injustice serves to confirm the justice of God, what should we say? That God is unjust to inflict wrath on us? (I speak in a human way.)

Romans 4:15 For the law brings wrath; but where there is no law, neither is there violation.

Romans 5:9 Much more surely then, now that we have been justified by his blood, will we be saved through him from the wrath [of God]. ["of God" is not in the original Greek! The translators added it!]

Romans 9:22 What if God, desiring to show [the] wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience the objects of wrath that are made for destruction;

Romans 12:19 Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave room for the wrath [of God]; for it is written, "Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord." [Once again, "of God" was added by the translators.]

Romans 13:4 for it is God's servant for your good. But if you do what is wrong, you should be afraid, for the authority does not bear the sword in vain! It is the servant of God to execute wrath on the wrongdoer. [The "servant of God" here refers to authorities of the state.]

Romans 13:5 Therefore one must be subject, not only because of wrath but also because of conscience.

[For an elaboration of Paul's reworking of "wrath" in Romans see the essay "My Core Convictions: Nonviolence and the Christian Faith."]

Classic text on faith -- from Today's Epistle -- Romans 3:21-26

But now, apart from law, the righteousness of God has been disclosed, and is attested by the law and the prophets, 22 the righteousness of God through [the] faith [of/] in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction, 23 since all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God; 24 they are now justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God put forward as a sacrifice of atonement by his blood, effective through faith. He did this to show his righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he had passed over the sins previously committed; 26 it was to prove at the present time that he himself is righteous and that he justifies the one who has [the] faith [of/] in Jesus.
 

In verses 22 and 26 the standard translation "faith in Jesus" is not necessarily the best translation of the original. The word "in" does not appear in the Greek. Rather, it's a "genitive construction," a phrase showing possession. In this case, the translator has to decide whether it is Jesus possessing faith, "the faith of Jesus," or it is the believer possessing a "faith in Jesus." I think the first way fits better in verse 22, while the latter fits better for verse 26. But that means the priority in our understanding of faith should be that it is Jesus' faith first which saves us, and we are justified by receiving that faith of Jesus. In short, faith in Jesus amounts to receiving the faith of Jesus. The proper emphasis is on faith as a gift of God's grace through Jesus' faith made available through the Holy Spirit.