For Further Study / Introduction to Mimetic Theory
If you would desire either further introduction or deeper delving into Girard’s work, I offer an annotated bibliography (further links below), as well as good introductions and readily available resources online.
When René Girard died in November 2015, there were a number of tributes to his life and work that offer concise, clear, and accurate introductions to Girard’s “Mimetic Theory.” I have cataloged a number of them on my own tribute page “In Memory of René Girard.” They provide an excellent beginning place.
Other online introductions that I recommend are:
- Girard‘s own article “Are the Gospels Mythical?“. (Girard’s answer to this question is a resounding “No!”); and what is very close to the introduction to his last book Battling to the End, an essay entitled “On War and Apocalypse.”
- a highly recommended intro consists of superbly edited extensive interviews with Girard by David Cayley of the CBC radio show Ideas, titled “The Scapegoat: René Girard’s Anthropology of Violence and Religion.” These provide a rare opportunity to hear from René Girard himself. Podcast links: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5. There is also the transcript available as a pdf. Cayley also aired a follow-up to this series in March 2015, “On Violence and Religion,” which gives another excellent, updated introduction to Mimetic Theory: Part 1, Part 2.
- “Preaching Peace,” by Michael Hardin, is an excellent website with a similar mission as this one.
- James Alison, Theology Website. A key theologian who uses mimetic theory as a hermeneutic for the theological task is James Alison. Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury, comments on one his books, Faith Beyond Resentment: “The very best theological books leave you with a feeling that perhaps it’s time you became a Christian. This is emphatically such a book.”
- a two-part essay by S. Mark Heim in the March 7-14, 2001 issues of The Christian Century; Heim does a terrific job of offering Girard’s anthropology as a new key to understanding the Cross and thus as a corrective to many traditional doctrines of the atonement. Link to the online versions (subscription is required for access): “Christ Crucified: Why does Jesus’ death matter?,” which sets up the problem; and “Visible Victim: Christ’s death to end sacrifice,” which answers it with mimetic theory; there are also online versions available without a subscription, Part 1, Part 2. Heim followed these essays with an excellent book, Saved from Sacrifice, that performs a thorough-going application of mimetic theory to a theology of the cross.
- For a more complete list of online resources, see the “Links & Resources” page.
For a more substantial but accessible entry into Girard’s work I highly recommend Gil Bailie’s 1995 work Violence Unveiled: Humanity at the Crossroads. It is a book that artfully weaves together Girardian insights with Christian perspectives on modern life. A similar book to Bailie’s, one that updates and in some ways surpasses it, is Marcus Peter Rempel‘s 2017 work Life at the End of Us vs Them: Cross – Culture – Stories. Another recent work introduces Mimetic Theory in the process of giving a new overarching reading of the main themes of Scripture, Anthony Bartlett‘s Seven Stories: How to Study and Teach the Nonviolent Bible.
An introductory book which I’ve heard Girard himself recommend is Richard Golsan‘s René Girard and Myth: An Introduction (1993). Two more recent, up-to-date, and comprehensive introductory books are Wolfgang Palaver‘s René Girard’s Mimetic Theory and James Warren‘s Compassion or Apocalypse?. Of the latter, Brian McLaren writes not only a strong endorsement for this book but also for the importance of Girard’s work: “I’m convinced that the seminal work of René Girard is the single most promising and productive contemporary resource capable of stimulating fresh readings of the Bible, constructive critical thought about Christian theology and practice, and incisive inducement to productive activism. Several scholars are engaging productively with Girard’s thought, but James Warren has written the best popular introduction and overview — substantial and thorough yet accessible and delightfully written.”
Of Girard’s own works, I would recommend to the Christian reader that the best place to start would be either The Scapegoat or I See Satan Fall Like Lightning. Both provide a good mix of his anthropological theory along with interpretation through biblical material. A connoisseur of Shakespeare would delight in his A Theater of Envy: William Shakespeare.
Continuing Education / Conferences
There are also opportunities for continuing education through conferences and presenters:
- I am available as a speaker/presenter. In 2015 I retired from thirty years of full-time parish ministry to take up a teaching ministry, registering my ‘business’ as Discipleship Seminars in Mimetic Theory. See more about Paul Nuechterlein; contact and schedule a seminar today!
- The annual conference of the Colloquium on Violence & Religion (COV&R). Held in the summer, rotating between the United States and other continents/nations, see the page for this year’s annual meeting. There is also a list of many past COV&R Conferences at the bottom of the annual meeting page.
- PreachingPeace.org sometimes sponsors conferences.
- Theology and Peace is an offshoot of Girardian groups which focuses more on Mimetic Theory in light of the Gospel of Peace, more specifically for an audience of faith practitioners: “An emerging movement seeking the transformation of theological practice through the application of mimetic theory. Theology and Peace gathers theologians, pastors, activists, and others interested in applying the insights of mimetic theory for the formation of an authentic and effective theology of peace.“ T&P offers an annual conference and other continuing education opportunities. The Theology & Peace website always features the current year’s meeting.
- James Alison is also available as a speaker, one whom Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams has recently named among writers “communicating profound theological material in an accessible way” (The Christian Century, April 24-May 1, 2002, p. 24). See his website listed above for contact information.
Harry Potter (including essays by Nik Wandinger and Paul Nuechterlein)
Excerpts / Resource Pages
- “Abide” in John
- Alison on the Apocalyptic Imagination
- Alison on Creation in Christ
- Alison on the Devil
- Alison on Elijah
- Alison on Ephesians — “Redeeming the Time”
- Alison on “The Good Shepherd”
- Alison on the “Intelligence of the Victim”
- Alison on John 9
- Alison on The Joy of Being Wrong
- Alison on Opening Up Creation
- Alison on the Sermon on the Mount
- Atonement Theology and Mimetic Theory
- Bailie on Abraham and Isaac
- Bailie on Elijah
- Bailie on the Fires of Hell
- Bailie on “It Is Accomplished”
- Bailie on John 1:19-51
- Bailie on John 2
- Bailie on John 3-4
- Bailie on John 9 and 11
- Bailie on John 13-17
- Bailie on John 18-19
- Bailie on John 20-21
- Bailie on Luke 1-2
- Bailie on Luke 3-5
- Bailie on Luke 10:25-42
- Bailie on Luke 21
- Bailie on the Miracle of Loaves and Fishes
- Bailie on the Parthenon Frieze
- Bailie on “The Spirit”
- Bailie on “The Victim with an Extended Sentence”
- Beck on the Time of Rising Action in Mark’s Gospel
- biazomai in the New Testament
- Durkheim on a Definition of “Religion”
- “Gathering” and “Scattering” in Luke-Acts
- Genesis 22 — Commentary
- Girard on Apocalypse and Parable
- Girard on Cycles of Mimetic Violence
- Girard on the Imitation of Christ
- Girard on the Paraclete
- Girard on the Passion
- Girard on the Powers and Principalities
- Girard on Satan
- Girard on “Scapegoat”
- Girard on “Similarities Between the Biblical Myths and World Mythology”
- Girard on skandalon
Excerpts / Resource Pages, cont.
- Hamerton-Kelly on “Love, Law, and Vengeance”
- Hamerton-Kelly on Mark 1:21-45
- Heim on Joseph Campbell’s View of Myth
- Hindu Creation Myth
- Judgment in John
- “Kingdom of Heaven” in Matthew
- Marr on the Parables
- Mercy not Sacrifice – Biblical Quotes
- mysterion in the New Testament
- Niedner on Matthew 22
- Niedner on Matthew 25
- Nonviolence and the Book of Revelation
- Nuechterlein on the Bible and Sacrifice
- Nuechterlein on Girard and Postmodern Literary Criticism
- Nuechterlein on John 8 and the Historical Jesus Movement
- Nuechterlein on the Left Behind Series
- Nuechterlein on Luke 9
- Nuechterlein on Mimetic Servanthood
- Nuechterlein on “My Core Convictions,” Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5
- Nuechterlein on Reading Romans 1-3 in a New Way
- Nuechterlein on Sacrifice, the Table Sacrament, and John 6
- Nuechterlein on “What Is the Gospel of Jesus Christ?”
- Nuechterlein on the “Wrath of God” in Romans
- Parish Newsletter Column on Addressing Racism
- Parish Newsletter Column on Christ the King
- Parish Newsletter Column on Contemplative Prayer
- Parish Newsletter Column on “Do We Have to Go to Church?”
- Parish Newsletter Column on Fulfilling the Reformation
- Parish Newsletter Column on God’s Way of Peace and Justice
- Parish Newsletter Column on Hebrews 10
- Parish Newsletter Column on John 14
- Parish Newsletter Column on Redemption from Sacrifice
- Parish Newsletter Column on the Passover
- Sati in India
- Schwager on “Doubling of Sin and Hell”
- Schwager on “God’s Turning toward His Enemies”
- Schwager on Matthew 5
- Schwager on the Suffering Servant
- skandalon in Matthew
- skandalon in the New Testament
- Welcome: The Long-Time Welcome/Intro for This Website
- Williams on the Sacrificial Crisis in the Wilderness
- Williams on Second Isaiah
- Wills on Girard from “Papal Sin”
- Wright Translation of John 3:1-17
- Wright on Types of Duality